Scientific Latin Names for Worms...

Why do scientists use Latin terms to name plants and Animals?

Using Latin terms to identify plants and Animals was Carl Linnaeus's idea. When he was alive people everywhere spoke Latin. It was a common language throughout Europe. 

It may seem silly that scientists use Latin to name plants and animals but it's actually good that they do it that way. If they didn't use Latin it would be hard to understand which plant or animal they are talking about if they don't speak the same language.

Now Latin is a dead language (which means no one is speaking it to change what the words mean). There are many thousands of common names that are different in different languages around the world Latin terms mean the same to scientists everywhere.

A scientist uses 7 ways to classify the plant or animal to get the final name.

Classifications: 1 Kingdom
                           2 Phylum
                           3 Class
                           4 Order
                           5 Family 
                           6 Genus
                           7 Species

Scientific Names..

  • Are hard to read.
  • Have similar parts to the English language.
  • Give clues to the meaning of the word.

Worm Names


The words "Lumbricus Terrestris" is scientific Latin. In English "lumbricus" means "worm" and "terrestris" means "earth" or "belonging to the earth." The whole word in English means "earthworm" or "night crawler."

The "cyaneum" in "Octolasion cyaneum" in English it means "blue." The worm has two names the "blue worm" or the "Woodland blue worm."

The word "Lumbricus" that you already know means "worm" is part of the name in Latin "Lumbricus Rubellus" that means "red worm."

The word "Rosea" in "Eisenia Rosea" in English means "Pink", which leads up to the worm's name, "Pink soil worm."

In the name "Eisenia Fetida," "Fetida" means "stinking" although the worm's name is "Tiger worm."

The name "Apporectodea Turgida" means "pasture worm," but "Turgida" means to swell out.